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Past LARO Concerts
"Russian Tea Time"
Conductor: Thomas Axworthy

Sunday, June 12, 2005 -- 4:30 pm
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church
1231 E. Chapman Ave., Fullerton, CA 92831
Admission is free. Donations accepted to St. Andrew’s.

Overture to Russlan & Ludmila
Mikhail Glinka (1804-1857); arranged by Paul Clark
Variations on "Scarborough Fair"
Arranged by Paul Clark (March 3, 1977)
Variations 1 & 2
Variation 3: Siciliana
Variation 4: Vivo e scherzando
Variation 5: Moderato
Variation 6: Allegro
Gopak from "Sorochinsky Fair"
Modest Mussorgsky (1835-1881); arranged by Paul Clark
Capriole Suite
Peter Warlock (1894-1930); arranged by Denis Bloodworth
Sheep May Safely Graze
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)
Russian Rag
    Interpolating the world famous "Prelude" by Rachmaninoff
Geo. L. Cobb (1918); arranged by F. Henri Klickmann, edited by T. Axworthy
La Servante au Bon Tabac (The Maid Serves Fine Tobacco)
    Concerto Comique
Michael Corrette (1709-1795); arranged by Richard Geisler
Dance of the Tumblers
Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1908); arranged by Paul Clark


Mikhail Glinka was the father of the 19th-century Russian nationalist school and exerted a profound and freely ackowledged influence upon Tchaikovsky. "Russlan & Ludmila" was his second opera and shows Glinka's variation treatment of Russian folk melodies. He crystalizes the tunes by changing the backgrounds, one of his musical techniques used by future Russian composers.

Paul Clark has been important to the British recorder movement for many years and was the conductor of the Heart of England Recorder Orchestra. "Variations on Scarborough Fair" was written one night in 1977 for a summer school session the next day.

Paul Clark also arranged "Gopak," a lively folk dance from Mussorgsky's unfinished opera "Sorochinsky Fair," composed between 1876 and 1881.

One of the strangest and most fascinating musical personalities of the 20th century was Phillip Heseltine (1894-1930). Around 1921, after a trip to Ireland, where he involved himself with the occult, he began composing under the name "Peter Warlock." Initially the name was only a professional convenience. Gradually a new personality began to emerge with the new name. Warlock was the opposite of Heseltine, a reckless carouser, cynical and brash. The two personalities continued to co-exist until Warlock had taken over. At age 36, during a period of depression, he took his own life.

Warlock's "Capriol Suite" was written in 1926 and has become his most popular work. It is supposedly based on tunes from Thoinot Arbeau's "Orchesographie," a 16th-century treatise of popular dance forms.

In the 1920's ensembles of like-instruments became a popular style in American music. Harmonica bands, mandolin bands, ocarina orchestras and brass bands became popular much as recorder groups had in the Renaissance. The Six Brown Brothers Saxophone Sextet became the first important saxophone ensemble in popular American music from 1908 to 1933. Russian Rag is one of their favorite compositions. We present this as an example of early 20th-century music.

Barbara Beebe
Ricardo Beron
Brenda Bittner
Barbara Blinderman
Nancy Cochran
Anna Conley
Jerry Cotts
Earl Curtis
Nancy Davis
Stuart Elliott
Juanita Heyerman
Charlie Jackson
Anita Klebanoff
Libby Klugman
Connie Koenenn
Mauri Lathouwers
Nadia Lawrence
Lia Starer Levin
Miranda Manners
Marianne Martin
Debby Patterson
Gloria Ramsey
Sally Rentschler
John L. Robinson
Matt Ross
Abe Santiago
Cyril Shepro
Paula Sirola
Bruce Teter
John Tyson
Mark Walter
David Whitley